In May 2020, the program of agricultural means supermarket of Agricultural Science Channel of Shandong TV station came into Cuihong fruit apple planting demonstration park. Wang Jinzheng, a researcher of Shandong fruit Research Institute, pointed out that modern apple demonstration garden should have three characteristics: scale, standardization and mechanization. Modern orchard has seven integrated technologies.
Item 1: utilization of Dwarfing Rootstocks
Second: wide row and close planting
Third: high spindle tree utilization
Fourth: the use of scaffolding cultivation
Fifth: ridging and covering technology
Item 6: no tillage technology with grass growing between rows
Seventh: water and fertilizer integration technology
The integration of the above seven technologies constitutes the basic idea of the modern orchard, maximize the use of mechanical operation, instead of labor, improve production efficiency and reduce costs. According to the actual situation of the orchard, the labor cost of traditional planting one mu of land is about 360 yuan, and the labor cost of applying base fertilizer per mu of land for mechanized operation is about 35 yuan; in terms of efficiency, one machine can complete 80 mu of land ditching in one day It is very difficult for human to complete the work of fertilization and ridge supporting. Compared with other field operations, mechanized operation is also used to calculate. The overall work efficiency can be increased by 5-10 times compared with manual operation, and the cost can be saved about 100000 yuan per mu.
General manager Yue Jiandong also said that big data and the Internet of things will soon blossom everywhere in the modern orchard.